Fennoscandian Ore Deposit Database and Metallogenic Map
Essential information on a still under-explored region
- The Fennoscandian Metallogenic Map and its explanation book indicate and describe areas of metal deposits and probable future metal ore discoveries in the Fennoscandian Shield
- The Fennoscandian Ore Deposit Database (FODD) is a comprehensive numeric database on metallic mines, deposits and significant occurrences in Fennoscandia.
- Click FODD to get into the map server of the database and the metallogenic map, to access all information in the FODD.
- Download the Metallogenic Map Explantion book for metallogenic map (pdf 63.8 MB) Deposit database High-resolution deposit map Low-resolution deposit map
- The metallogenic map has been published in December 2009, the metallic deposit map will been updated in March 2013, an industrial mineral map will be published in August 2013, and the latest update of the database was done in January 2013.
- The maps and the database have been compiled in a joint project between the geological surveys of Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden. The database contains information on nearly 1700 mines, deposits and significant occurrences across the region. By country, there is information on:
- 351 deposits in Finland
- 210 deposits in Norway
- 246 deposits in Russia
- 883 deposits in Sweden
- The metallogenic map contains 168 major metallogenic areas. Of these 46 are completely or mostly in Finland, 40 in Norway, 41 in Russia, and 41 in Sweden; these include 24 areas that cross international borders. By metal group, there are:
- 48 areas dominated by potential on ferrous metals (Fe, Mn, Ti, V, Cr),
- 36 on copper, zinc or lead (Cu, Zn, Pb),
- 31 on precious metals (Ag, Au, PGE),
- 30 on nickel or cobalt (Ni, Co),
- 11 on metals used in modern advanced technologies (Li, PGE, REE, Ta, Zr).
- Of all deposits listed in the database, if we exclude the 498 mostly very small historic mines, 61 % have not been exploited at all. However, a number of these might well be economic in the future with additional reserves based on further exploration.
- There are 43 large active mines, 19 large closed mines, 54 large unexploited deposits and 57 potentially large deposits in the database based on the relative value of the in situ metal contents. These include, by their most apparently significant commodity: 30 Ni, 29 Fe, 23 V, 15 Au, 13 REE, 12 Cr, 10 Cu, 7 Zn, 5 apatite, 5 PGE, 5 Ti, 5 Nb, 4 U, 4 Mo, 4 Be, and 1 Pb deposit. Naturally, a large majority of these also contain other potentially extractable commodities.
- The FODD contains information on location, mining history, tonnage and commodity grades with a comment on data quality, geological setting, age, ore mineralogy, style of mineralisation, genetic models, and the primary sources of data. See the explanatory notes (540 KB) for the database. Please, note that the resource information for a deposit in the FODD is not necessarily in accordance with modern industrial standards (e.g. JORC and NI 43-101 codes), as such information only exists for some deposits recently explored or presently under exploitation.
- Information on Critical metals and minerals in Fennoscandia is now available. The list of critical metals and minerals is mostly based on European Commission’s Raw Materials Initiative in 2008, in which 14 economically important metals and minerals, that are subject to a higher risk of supply interruption are labeled as critical (e.g. REE, PGE, Co, W, Be, fluorspar, graphite etc.).
Examples of data derived from the FODD:
Mines active in 2012 in Fennoscandia
Large metal mines in Fennoscandia
Large unexploited metal deposits in Fennoscandia
Potentially large unexploited deposits in Fennoscandia
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