The European Commission has taken measures to improve the long-term availability
of raw materials through implementation of the Raw Material Initiative in 2008.
The Commission has listed 14 economically important raw materials as "critical
raw materials" which are subject to a higher risk of supply interruption.
Critical raw materials as specified by the EU are:
The FODD working group has gathered information on these 18 critical metals
and minerals listed above and also on additional 4 commodities that the working group considers as important:
Click commodity name to open a commodity fact sheet containing information
on uses of a commodity, global and fennoscandian resources and production,
deposit types etc.
*The Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) include platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium,
ruthenium and osmium.
**Rare earths include the so-called lanthanides (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium,
neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium,
holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium and lutetium) and scandium and yttrium